Bischoff, Bernhard. Latin Palaeography: Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Trans. Dáibhí O. Cróinín and David Ganz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, in Association with the Medieval Academy of Ireland, 1990.

Bishop, T. A. M. English Caroline Minuscule. Oxford Palaeographical Handbooks. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.

Boyle, Leonard E. Medieval Latin Palaeography: A Bibliographical Introduction. Toronto Medieval Bibliographies 8. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, in Association with the Centre for Medieval Studies, 1984.

Brown, Julian. A Paleographer's View: The Selected Writings of Julian Brown. Ed. Janet Bately, Michelle P. Brown, and Jane Roberts. Pref. Albinia C. de la Mare. London: Harvey Miller, 1993.

Brown, Michelle P. A Guide to Western Historical Scripts from Antiquity to 1600. London: British Library, 1990.

Brown, Michelle P. The British Library Guide to Writing and Scripts: History and Techniques. The British Library Guides. London: British Library, 1998.

Brown, Michelle P., and Patricia Lovett. The Historical Source Book for Scribes. London: British Library, 1999.

Colker, M. L. "Some Recent Works for Palaeographers." Medievalia et Humanistica 2nd ser. 8 (1977): 235-242.

Denholm-Young, Noël. Handwriting in England and Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1954.

Drogin, M. Medieval Calligraphy: Its History and Technique. Montclair, NJ: Allanheld and Schram, 1980.

Fairbank, Alfred J. A Book of Scripts. 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1952.

Francis, W. N. "Graphemic Analysis of Late Middle English Manuscripts." Speculum 37 (1962): 32-47.

Grieve, Hilda E. P. Examples of English Handwriting, 1150-1750, with Transcripts and Translations. Essex Record Office Publications 21. Chelmsford: Essex Education Committee, 1954

Hanna, Ralph. Introducing English Medieval Book History. Liverpool: LUP, 2013.

Hector, Leonard Charles. The Handwriting of English Documents. 2nd ed. London: Edward Arnold, 1966

John, James J. "Latin Paleography." In Medieval Studies: An Introduction. 2nd ed. Ed. James M. Powell. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1992. pp. 3-81.

Klinkenborg, Verlyn, Herbert Cahoon, and Charles Ryskamp. British Literary Manuscripts: Series 1 from 800 to 1800. New York: The Pierpont Morgan Library, in Association with Dover Publications, Inc., 1981.

Knight, Stan. Historical Scripts: From Classical Times to the Renaissance. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Books, 1998.

Lowe, Elias Avery, ed. Codices latini antiquiores: A Palaeographical Guide to Latin Manuscripts Prior to the Ninth Century. 12 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1934-1972.

Lowe, Elias Avery. English Uncial. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1960.

Rumble, Alexander R. "The Palaeography of the Domesday Manuscripts." In Domesday Book: A Reassessment. Ed. Peter Sawyer. London and Baltimore: Edward Arnold, 1985. pp. 28-49.

Thomson, S. Harrison. Latin Bookhands of the Later Middle Ages, 1100-1500. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

Ullman, Berthold L. Ancient Writing and its Influence. 1932; rpt. Medieval Academy Reprints, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1989.

Wright, C. E. English Vernacular Hands from the Twelfth to the Fifteenth Centuries. Oxford Palaeographical Handbooks. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1960.


Manuscript Studies: Codicology

Backhouse, Janet. The Sherborne Missal. London: British Library, 1999.

Clement, R[ichard] W. "Codicological Considerations in the Beowulf Manuscript." Proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Association 1 (1984): 13-27.

Gerritsen, Johan. "The Thorkelin Transcripts of Beowulf: A Codicological Description, with Notes on their Genesis and History." The Library 6th ser. 13 (1991): 1-22.

Gruys, A., and J. P. Gumbert, eds. Codicologica: Towards a Science of Handwritten Books / Vers une science du manuscrit / Bausteine zur Handschriftenkunde. 5 vols. Litterae textuales. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976-1980.

Hanna, Ralph, III. "Booklets in Medieval Manuscripts: Further Considerations." Studies in Bibliography 39 (1986): 100-111.

Moorman, Charles. The Statistical Determination of Affiliation in the Landmark Manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1993.

Noel, William. The Harley Psalter. Cambridge Studies in Paleography and Codicology 4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996


Text and Textual Studies

Bolter, J.D., and R. Grusin. Remediation: Understanding New Media. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000. [Sample chapters available at <> and <>]

Buchli, Victor (ed.). The Material Culture Reader. Oxford: Berg, 2002. [See 'Introduction', pp. 1–22, and Christopher Tilley’s introduction to 'Metaphor, Materiality and Interpretation', pp. 23–6. Both are available in the usual course readings section.]

Clemens, Raymond, and Timothy Graham. Introduction to Manuscript Studies. London: Cornell University Press, 2007.

Greetham, David C. Textual Scholarship: An Introduction. New York: Garland, 1994.

Pearson, David. Books as History: The Importance of Books beyond their Texts. London: British Library, 2011.

Prown, Jules David. ‘Mind in Matter: An Introduction to Material Culture Theory and Method’. Winterthur Portfolio 17 (1982): 1–19. Available at <>

Drucker, Johanna. ‘The Virtual Codex from Page Space to E-space’. The Book Arts Web (2003). Available at <>

McGann, Jerome. ‘The Rationale of Hypertext’. In: Electronic Text: Investigations in Method and Theory. Ed. Kathryn Sutherland. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997, pp. 19–46. Available at <>

Stinson, Timothy. ‘Codicological Descriptions in the Digital Age’. In: Kodikologie und Paläographie im Digitalen Zeitalter - Codicology and Palaeography in the Digital Age. Ed. Malte Rehbein, Patrick Sahle, and Torsten Schaßan. Norderstedt: Books on Demand, 2009, pp. 35–51.